Allegheny Mountain Collegiate Conference

Medaille


Game Results


Allegheny Mountain Collegiate Conference Game Results for Medaille (as of May 28, 2013) (All games) Game date Opposing team Score Inns Attend Time --------- ------------- ----- ---- ------ ---- Mar 09, 2013 vs CAIRN UNIVERSITY W 14-9 9 75 3:30 03/10/2013 vs New Jersey City U. 3-5 L 9 80 2:20 Mar 11, 2013 vs JUNIATA 2-3 L 9 50 2:15 Mar 13, 2013 vs Lesley 6-8 L 9 40 2:15 Mar 13, 2013 vs CAZENOVIA 12-16 L 9 50 3:00 Mar 14, 2013 vs Fitchburg State 4-7 L (11) 50 3:00 Mar 15, 2013 vs Vassar College 3-6 L 9 64 2:19 Mar 30,2013 FSU 3-5 L 7 0 Mar 30, 2013 FSU 3-16 L 7 0 *04/05/13 at Pitt-Bradford 0-1 L 7 65 1:30 *04/05/13 at Pitt-Bradford 4-5 L ( 8) 65 2:10 *Apr 06, 2013 at Pitt-Greensburg 2-4 L 7 88 1:54 *Apr 06, 2013 at Pitt-Greensburg 3-10 L 7 86 2:20 *Apr 14, 2013 HILBERT COLLEGE W 3-2 7 0 *Apr 14, 2013 HILBERT COLLEGE W 4-3 7 0 *Apr 15, 2013 at D'Youville College 3-5 L 7 45 1:45 *Apr 15, 2013 at D'Youville College 0-3 L 7 - 1:15 Apr 17, 2013 at Univ. of Rochester 0-5 L 9 50 2:00 *Apr 20, 2013 at Penn State Altoona 2-4 L 7 162 1:56 *Apr 20, 2013 at Penn State Altoona 0-3 L 7 177 1:29 *Apr 22, 2013 La Roche College W 3-2 7 - *Apr 22, 2013 La Roche College 5-8 L 7 - *Apr 25, 2013 Penn State-Behrend 1-7 L 7 - *Apr 25, 2013 Penn State-Behrend 3-10 L 7 - *Apr 27, 2013 Mt. Aloysius 2-11 L 7 - *Apr 27, 2013 Mt. Aloysius 7-8 L ( 8) - Apr 30, 2013 at Keuka College 5-16 L 7 75 2:50 Apr 30, 2013 at Keuka College W 21-9 7 75 3 hr * - league/conference game () extra inning game

Overall Statistics


Allegheny Mountain Collegiate Conference Overall Statistics for Medaille (as of May 28, 2013) (All games Sorted by Batting avg) Record: 5-23 AMCC: 3-13 Player AVG GP-GS AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI TB SLG% BB HBP SO GDP OB% SF SH SB-ATT PO A E FLD% Tyno Jake........... .367 24-24 90 17 33 6 0 0 10 39 .433 5 2 6 4 .412 0 1 7-7 43 57 15 .870 Serba T.J........... .329 28-28 85 15 28 5 2 1 14 40 .471 16 6 18 1 .459 2 1 4-6 199 12 2 .991 Bukowski Cory....... .304 23-15 56 3 17 1 0 2 10 24 .429 4 0 19 0 .350 0 0 1-1 25 3 1 .966 Burnett Ray......... .301 27-25 73 8 22 3 0 0 9 25 .342 7 3 17 3 .386 0 1 7-8 56 1 6 .905 Hagen Korey......... .269 28-28 93 13 25 5 0 2 10 36 .387 9 7 12 2 .376 0 0 2-4 35 15 7 .877 Volpe Michael....... .234 28-26 64 12 15 0 1 0 9 17 .266 14 1 10 0 .375 1 3 2-3 33 62 10 .905 Markiewicz Ryan..... .222 22-18 63 7 14 4 0 0 5 18 .286 3 4 17 2 .300 0 0 0-1 75 12 1 .989 Shiesley Zack....... .221 24-20 68 6 15 0 0 0 7 15 .221 9 1 11 0 .321 0 0 1-3 33 6 4 .907 Totals.............. .277 28-28 828 118 229 37 5 6 104 294 .355 104 28 168 18 .374 6 9 32-42 609 270 55 .941 Opponents........... .325 28-28 840 191 273 63 9 5 172 369 .439 124 35 99 15 .424 21 11 54-63 641 298 42 .957 LOB - Team (205), Opp (231). DPs turned - Team (18), Opp (21). TPs turned - Team (1). (All games Sorted by Earned run avg) Player ERA W-L APP GS CG SHO/CBO SV IP H R ER BB SO 2B 3B HR AB B/Avg WP HBP BK SFA SHA Machmer Zach........ 2.48 1-3 8 6 3 0/0 0 36.1 35 16 10 14 29 3 1 0 141 .248 4 4 0 1 3 Wansart Jordan...... 6.10 1-5 7 6 3 0/0 0 38.1 49 31 26 14 14 15 3 1 156 .314 2 4 2 4 2 Totals.............. 6.47 5-23 28 28 6 0/0 0 203.0 273 191 146 124 99 63 9 5 840 .325 17 35 7 21 11 Opponents........... 4.42 23-5 28 28 10 4/1 4 213.2 229 118 105 104 168 37 5 6 828 .277 18 28 2 6 9 PB - Team (13), Balcerzak 8, Markiewicz 5, Opp (8). Pickoffs - Team (5), Balcerzak 2, Markiewicz 1, Wansart 1, Machmer 1, Opp (10).
Allegheny Mountain Collegiate Conference Overall Statistics for Medaille (as of May 28, 2013) (All games Sorted by Fielding pct) Player C PO A E FLD% DPs SBA CSB SBA% PB CI Schrlau Nate........ 16 15 1 0 1.000 0 0 0 --- 0 0 Wansart Jordan...... 10 3 7 0 1.000 0 8 2 .800 0 0 Hoffman Derrek...... 9 6 3 0 1.000 0 5 1 .833 0 0 Smith Brad.......... 7 1 6 0 1.000 0 4 0 1.000 0 0 Labenski Nate....... 3 0 3 0 1.000 0 7 2 .778 0 0 Serba T.J........... 213 199 12 2 .991 16 0 0 --- 0 0 Markiewicz Ryan..... 88 75 12 1 .989 1 39 4 .907 5 0 Benz Jeff........... 44 17 26 1 .977 8 6 1 .857 0 0 Balcerzak Erik...... 37 28 8 1 .973 1 19 4 .826 8 0 Bukowski Cory....... 29 25 3 1 .966 2 8 1 .889 0 0 Montanez Chris...... 60 26 30 4 .933 6 0 0 --- 0 0 Machmer Zach........ 15 1 13 1 .933 0 6 0 1.000 0 0 Chavanne Travis..... 13 7 5 1 .923 2 0 0 --- 0 0 Shiesley Zack....... 43 33 6 4 .907 0 0 1 .000 0 0 Volpe Michael....... 105 33 62 10 .905 5 1 0 1.000 0 0 Burnett Ray......... 63 56 1 6 .905 0 0 0 --- 0 0 Hagen Korey......... 57 35 15 7 .877 1 4 0 1.000 0 0 Tyno Jake........... 115 43 57 15 .870 10 1 0 1.000 0 0 Agostinelli Dan..... 7 6 0 1 .857 0 0 0 --- 0 0 Leipold Patrick..... 0 0 0 0 .000 0 0 0 --- 0 0 Kruszka Greg........ 0 0 0 0 .000 0 0 0 --- 0 0 Totals.............. 934 609 270 55 .941 18 54 9 .857 13 0 Opponents........... 981 641 298 42 .957 21 32 10 .762 8 0
Hitting minimums - 75% of Games 2 AB 2.0 AB/Game 2 TPA 2.0 TPA/Game Pitching minimums - 1 Games 20 IP 1.0 IP/Game

Category Leaders


Allegheny Mountain Collegiate Conference Batting Leaders for Medaille (as of May 28, 2013) (All games) Hitting minimums - 75% of Games 2 AB 2.0 AB/Game 2 TPA 2.0 TPA/Game Pitching minimums - 1 Games 20 IP 1.0 IP/Game Batting avg ----------- 1. Tyno Jake........... .367 2. Serba T.J........... .329 3. Bukowski Cory....... .304 4. Burnett Ray......... .301 5. Hagen Korey......... .269 6. Volpe Michael....... .234 7. Markiewicz Ryan..... .222 8. Shiesley Zack....... .221 Slugging pct ------------ 1. Serba T.J........... .471 2. Tyno Jake........... .433 3. Bukowski Cory....... .429 4. Hagen Korey......... .387 5. Burnett Ray......... .342 6. Markiewicz Ryan..... .286 7. Volpe Michael....... .266 8. Shiesley Zack....... .221 On base pct ----------- 1. Serba T.J........... .459 2. Tyno Jake........... .412 3. Burnett Ray......... .386 4. Hagen Korey......... .376 5. Volpe Michael....... .375 6. Bukowski Cory....... .350 7. Shiesley Zack....... .321 8. Markiewicz Ryan..... .300 Runs scored ----------- 1. Tyno Jake........... 17 2. Serba T.J........... 15 3. Hagen Korey......... 13 4. Volpe Michael....... 12 5. Burnett Ray......... 8 Montanez Chris...... 8 7. Leipold Patrick..... 7 Markiewicz Ryan..... 7 9. Shiesley Zack....... 6 10.2 tied at........... 5 Hits ---- 1. Tyno Jake........... 33 2. Serba T.J........... 28 3. Hagen Korey......... 25 4. Burnett Ray......... 22 5. Bukowski Cory....... 17 6. Shiesley Zack....... 15 Volpe Michael....... 15 8. Markiewicz Ryan..... 14 9. Montanez Chris...... 11 Leipold Patrick..... 11 Runs batted in -------------- 1. Serba T.J........... 14 2. Tyno Jake........... 10 Bukowski Cory....... 10 Hagen Korey......... 10 5. Montanez Chris...... 9 Burnett Ray......... 9 Volpe Michael....... 9 8. Shiesley Zack....... 7 9. Leipold Patrick..... 6 10.2 tied at........... 5 Doubles ------- 1. Tyno Jake........... 6 2. Hagen Korey......... 5 Serba T.J........... 5 4. Markiewicz Ryan..... 4 5. Montanez Chris...... 3 Burnett Ray......... 3 Benz Jeff........... 3 Chavanne Travis..... 3 9. Balcerzak Erik...... 2 10.3 tied at........... 1 Triples ------- 1. Serba T.J........... 2 2. Volpe Michael....... 1 Schrlau Nate........ 1 Chavanne Travis..... 1 Home runs --------- 1. Hagen Korey......... 2 Bukowski Cory....... 2 3. Leipold Patrick..... 1 Serba T.J........... 1 Total bases ----------- 1. Serba T.J........... 40 2. Tyno Jake........... 39 3. Hagen Korey......... 36 4. Burnett Ray......... 25 5. Bukowski Cory....... 24 6. Markiewicz Ryan..... 18 7. Volpe Michael....... 17 8. Leipold Patrick..... 15 Shiesley Zack....... 15 10.Montanez Chris...... 14 Walks ----- 1. Serba T.J........... 16 2. Volpe Michael....... 14 3. Shiesley Zack....... 9 Hagen Korey......... 9 5. Leipold Patrick..... 8 6. Schrlau Nate........ 7 Montanez Chris...... 7 Burnett Ray......... 7 9. 3 tied at........... 5 Hit by pitch ------------ 1. Hagen Korey......... 7 2. Serba T.J........... 6 3. Markiewicz Ryan..... 4 4. Burnett Ray......... 3 5. Leipold Patrick..... 2 Tyno Jake........... 2 7. Volpe Michael....... 1 Agostinelli Dan..... 1 Shiesley Zack....... 1 Balcerzak Erik...... 1 Sac bunts --------- 1. Volpe Michael....... 3 2. Schrlau Nate........ 1 Agostinelli Dan..... 1 Benz Jeff........... 1 Tyno Jake........... 1 Serba T.J........... 1 Burnett Ray......... 1 Sac flies --------- 1. Montanez Chris...... 2 Serba T.J........... 2 3. Benz Jeff........... 1 Volpe Michael....... 1 Stolen bases ------------ 1. Tyno Jake........... 7 Burnett Ray......... 7 3. Serba T.J........... 4 4. Agostinelli Dan..... 3 5. Benz Jeff........... 2 Volpe Michael....... 2 Montanez Chris...... 2 Hagen Korey......... 2 9. 3 tied at........... 1 Caught stealing --------------- 1. Serba T.J........... 2 Shiesley Zack....... 2 Hagen Korey......... 2 4. Montanez Chris...... 1 Volpe Michael....... 1 Burnett Ray......... 1 Markiewicz Ryan..... 1 Steal attempts -------------- 1. Burnett Ray......... 8 2. Tyno Jake........... 7 3. Serba T.J........... 6 4. Hagen Korey......... 4 5. Volpe Michael....... 3 Agostinelli Dan..... 3 Shiesley Zack....... 3 Montanez Chris...... 3 9. Benz Jeff........... 2 10.3 tied at........... 1 Stolen base pct --------------- 1. Tyno Jake........... 1.000 Bukowski Cory....... 1.000 3. Burnett Ray......... .875 4. Serba T.J........... .667 Volpe Michael....... .667 6. Hagen Korey......... .500 7. Shiesley Zack....... .333 8. Markiewicz Ryan..... .000 Strikeouts ---------- 1. Montanez Chris...... 20 2. Bukowski Cory....... 19 3. Serba T.J........... 18 4. Burnett Ray......... 17 Markiewicz Ryan..... 17 6. Hagen Korey......... 12 7. Shiesley Zack....... 11 8. Volpe Michael....... 10 9. Benz Jeff........... 8 Balcerzak Erik...... 8 Grounded into DP ---------------- 1. Tyno Jake........... 4 2. Benz Jeff........... 3 Leipold Patrick..... 3 Burnett Ray......... 3 5. Hagen Korey......... 2 Markiewicz Ryan..... 2 7. Serba T.J........... 1 Total plate appearances ----------------------- 1. Serba T.J........... 110 2. Hagen Korey......... 109 3. Tyno Jake........... 98 4. Burnett Ray......... 84 5. Volpe Michael....... 83 6. Shiesley Zack....... 78 7. Markiewicz Ryan..... 70 8. Bukowski Cory....... 60 9. Montanez Chris...... 57 10.Leipold Patrick..... 50 At bats ------- 1. Hagen Korey......... 93 2. Tyno Jake........... 90 3. Serba T.J........... 85 4. Burnett Ray......... 73 5. Shiesley Zack....... 68 6. Volpe Michael....... 64 7. Markiewicz Ryan..... 63 8. Bukowski Cory....... 56 9. Montanez Chris...... 48 10.Leipold Patrick..... 40 Games played ------------ 1. Hagen Korey......... 28 Volpe Michael....... 28 Serba T.J........... 28 4. Burnett Ray......... 27 5. Montanez Chris...... 25 6. Tyno Jake........... 24 Shiesley Zack....... 24 8. Bukowski Cory....... 23 9. Markiewicz Ryan..... 22 10.Schrlau Nate........ 21 Game starts ----------- 1. Serba T.J........... 28 Hagen Korey......... 28 3. Volpe Michael....... 26 4. Burnett Ray......... 25 5. Tyno Jake........... 24 6. Shiesley Zack....... 20 7. Markiewicz Ryan..... 18 8. Montanez Chris...... 17 9. Bukowski Cory....... 15 10.Balcerzak Erik...... 13 Games as sub ------------ 1. Chavanne Travis..... 15 2. Agostinelli Dan..... 14 3. Schrlau Nate........ 12 4. Montanez Chris...... 8 Bukowski Cory....... 8 Leipold Patrick..... 8 7. Shiesley Zack....... 4 Markiewicz Ryan..... 4 Balcerzak Erik...... 4 10.3 tied at........... 3
Allegheny Mountain Collegiate Conference Pitching Leaders for Medaille (as of May 28, 2013) (All games) Hitting minimums - 75% of Games 2 AB 2.0 AB/Game 2 TPA 2.0 TPA/Game Pitching minimums - 1 Games 20 IP 1.0 IP/Game Earned run avg -------------- 1. Machmer Zach........ 2.48 2. Wansart Jordan...... 6.10 Opposing bat avg ---------------- 1. Machmer Zach........ .248 2. Wansart Jordan...... .314 Won-loss pct ------------ 1. Machmer Zach........ .250 2. Wansart Jordan...... .167 Wins ---- 1. Smith Brad.......... 2 2. Machmer Zach........ 1 Benz Jeff........... 1 Wansart Jordan...... 1 Losses ------ 1. Wansart Jordan...... 5 2. Hoffman Derrek...... 4 3. Machmer Zach........ 3 Benz Jeff........... 3 Balcerzak Erik...... 3 6. Hagen Korey......... 2 7. Tyno Jake........... 1 Shiesley Zack....... 1 Smith Brad.......... 1 Saves ----- Innings pitched --------------- 1. Wansart Jordan...... 38.1 2. Machmer Zach........ 36.1 Batters struck out ------------------ 1. Machmer Zach........ 29 2. Wansart Jordan...... 14 3. Benz Jeff........... 11 4. Balcerzak Erik...... 10 5. Smith Brad.......... 8 6. Hoffman Derrek...... 7 Bukowski Cory....... 7 8. Labenski Nate....... 6 9. 3 tied at........... 2 Appearances ----------- 1. Smith Brad.......... 12 2. Labenski Nate....... 10 3. Machmer Zach........ 8 4. Wansart Jordan...... 7 Bukowski Cory....... 7 Hoffman Derrek...... 7 7. Hagen Korey......... 6 Benz Jeff........... 6 9. Balcerzak Erik...... 5 Shiesley Zack....... 5 Games started ------------- 1. Machmer Zach........ 6 Hoffman Derrek...... 6 Wansart Jordan...... 6 4. Benz Jeff........... 4 5. Smith Brad.......... 2 Balcerzak Erik...... 2 7. Hagen Korey......... 1 Bukowski Cory....... 1 Games finished -------------- 1. Smith Brad.......... 4 2. Shiesley Zack....... 3 Hagen Korey......... 3 Labenski Nate....... 3 5. Volpe Michael....... 2 Benz Jeff........... 2 7. 5 tied at........... 1 Games in relief --------------- 1. Smith Brad.......... 10 Labenski Nate....... 10 3. Bukowski Cory....... 6 4. Hagen Korey......... 5 Shiesley Zack....... 5 6. Tyno Jake........... 4 7. Balcerzak Erik...... 3 8. Benz Jeff........... 2 Volpe Michael....... 2 Machmer Zach........ 2 Wild pitches ------------ 1. Benz Jeff........... 4 Machmer Zach........ 4 3. Wansart Jordan...... 2 Balcerzak Erik...... 2 Shiesley Zack....... 2 6. Bukowski Cory....... 1 Hoffman Derrek...... 1 Labenski Nate....... 1 Balks ----- 1. Wansart Jordan...... 2 Labenski Nate....... 2 Benz Jeff........... 2 4. Hoffman Derrek...... 1 Hit batters ----------- 1. Hoffman Derrek...... 9 2. Hagen Korey......... 6 3. Machmer Zach........ 4 Wansart Jordan...... 4 5. Benz Jeff........... 3 Balcerzak Erik...... 3 7. Labenski Nate....... 2 8. 4 tied at........... 1 Intentional BB allowed ---------------------- 1. Hoffman Derrek...... 1 2. Wansart Jordan...... 2 3. Shiesley Zack....... 3 4. Bukowski Cory....... 1 Runners picked off ------------------ 1. Balcerzak Erik...... 2 2. Wansart Jordan...... 1 Markiewicz Ryan..... 1 Machmer Zach........ 1 Batters SO out looking ---------------------- 1. Wansart Jordan...... 7 2. Machmer Zach........ 5 Balcerzak Erik...... 5 4. Labenski Nate....... 4 Benz Jeff........... 4 6. Smith Brad.......... 3 7. Bukowski Cory....... 2 8. Shiesley Zack....... 1 Hagen Korey......... 1 Hoffman Derrek...... 1 Sac bunts allowed ----------------- 1. Machmer Zach........ 3 Smith Brad.......... 3 3. Wansart Jordan...... 2 Hoffman Derrek...... 2 5. Benz Jeff........... 1 Sac flies allowed ----------------- 1. Smith Brad.......... 4 Wansart Jordan...... 4 3. Benz Jeff........... 3 4. Hoffman Derrek...... 2 Shiesley Zack....... 2 Bukowski Cory....... 2 7. Hagen Korey......... 1 Labenski Nate....... 1 Balcerzak Erik...... 1 Machmer Zach........ 1 Hits allowed ------------ 1. Machmer Zach........ 35 2. Wansart Jordan...... 49 Runs allowed ------------ 1. Machmer Zach........ 16 2. Wansart Jordan...... 31 Earned runs allowed ------------------- 1. Machmer Zach........ 10 2. Wansart Jordan...... 26 Walks allowed ------------- 1. Wansart Jordan...... 14 Machmer Zach........ 14 Doubles allowed --------------- 1. Machmer Zach........ 3 2. Wansart Jordan...... 15 Triples allowed --------------- 1. Machmer Zach........ 1 2. Wansart Jordan...... 3 Home runs allowed ----------------- 1. Machmer Zach........ 0 2. Wansart Jordan...... 1
Allegheny Mountain Collegiate Conference Fielding Leaders for Medaille (as of May 28, 2013) (All games) Hitting minimums - 75% of Games Pitching minimums - 1 Games 20 IP 1.0 IP/Game Fielding pct ------------ 1. Schrlau Nate........ 1.000 2. Serba T.J........... .991 3. Markiewicz Ryan..... .989 4. Bukowski Cory....... .966 5. Montanez Chris...... .933 6. Shiesley Zack....... .907 7. Volpe Michael....... .905 Burnett Ray......... .905 9. Hagen Korey......... .877 10.Tyno Jake........... .870 Chances ------- 1. Serba T.J........... 213 2. Tyno Jake........... 115 3. Volpe Michael....... 105 4. Markiewicz Ryan..... 88 5. Burnett Ray......... 63 6. Montanez Chris...... 60 7. Hagen Korey......... 57 8. Benz Jeff........... 44 9. Shiesley Zack....... 43 10.Balcerzak Erik...... 37 Putouts ------- 1. Serba T.J........... 199 2. Markiewicz Ryan..... 75 3. Burnett Ray......... 56 4. Tyno Jake........... 43 5. Hagen Korey......... 35 6. Volpe Michael....... 33 Shiesley Zack....... 33 8. Balcerzak Erik...... 28 9. Montanez Chris...... 26 10.Bukowski Cory....... 25 Assists ------- 1. Volpe Michael....... 62 2. Tyno Jake........... 57 3. Montanez Chris...... 30 4. Benz Jeff........... 26 5. Hagen Korey......... 15 6. Machmer Zach........ 13 7. Markiewicz Ryan..... 12 Serba T.J........... 12 9. Balcerzak Erik...... 8 10.Wansart Jordan...... 7 Errors ------ 1. Tyno Jake........... 15 2. Volpe Michael....... 10 3. Hagen Korey......... 7 4. Burnett Ray......... 6 5. Montanez Chris...... 4 Shiesley Zack....... 4 7. Serba T.J........... 2 8. 7 tied at........... 1 Fielding double plays --------------------- 1. Serba T.J........... 16 2. Tyno Jake........... 10 3. Benz Jeff........... 8 4. Montanez Chris...... 6 5. Volpe Michael....... 5 6. Bukowski Cory....... 2 Chavanne Travis..... 2 8. Balcerzak Erik...... 1 Markiewicz Ryan..... 1 Hagen Korey......... 1 Stolen bases against -------------------- 1. Markiewicz Ryan..... 39 2. Balcerzak Erik...... 19 3. Wansart Jordan...... 8 Bukowski Cory....... 8 5. Labenski Nate....... 7 6. Benz Jeff........... 6 Machmer Zach........ 6 8. Hoffman Derrek...... 5 9. Hagen Korey......... 4 Smith Brad.......... 4 Caught stealing by ------------------ 1. Balcerzak Erik...... 4 Markiewicz Ryan..... 4 3. Wansart Jordan...... 2 Labenski Nate....... 2 5. Shiesley Zack....... 1 Hoffman Derrek...... 1 Bukowski Cory....... 1 Benz Jeff........... 1 Steal attempts against ---------------------- 1. Markiewicz Ryan..... 43 2. Balcerzak Erik...... 23 3. Wansart Jordan...... 10 4. Bukowski Cory....... 9 Labenski Nate....... 9 6. Benz Jeff........... 7 7. Machmer Zach........ 6 Hoffman Derrek...... 6 9. Smith Brad.......... 4 Hagen Korey......... 4 Passed balls ------------ 1. Balcerzak Erik...... 8 2. Markiewicz Ryan..... 5 Catchers interference ---------------------